Stone Types

The stone used for residential and commercial projects comes from around the world. Each stone has its own characteristics determined by its geological type. These pages give a short description of the stone type and its suitable applications.

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Granite countertops

Granite is an igneous rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz with mica and other minerals. The natural hardness of this stone makes it a very desirable choice for kitchens, bathrooms and other highly used areas. Granite is very low maintenance and comes in a wide variety of colors and veining.


Marble countertops

Marble is a metamorphic rock that forms from limestone. The main characteristics of marble are it’s light color and delicate veining. Marble is softer than Granite and requires careful consideration when placed in high use areas. Colors can vary from white to soft cream with veining that can be delicate to quite bold and dramatic.


Travertine floors and walls

Travertine is a sedimentary rock formed by minerals dissolving over time in ground water. This stone has a soft-layered appearance with colors that vary from cream to gray. The most popular finish for travertine is a beautiful soft matte. This stone is used for flooring, showers, countertops and wall covering.

Engineered Stone

picture of kitchen island
Photo provided by CaesarStone Quartz Surfaces - 877.9QUARTZ -

This strong and durable stone is manufactured using a composite of quartz and resin. Engineered Stone is often referred to simply as quartz. The main characteristics of this material are its extreme durability and vast selection of color options making it possible to achieve a natural stone appearance or create a vibrant design statement. Many engineered stone brands are eco-friendly and can contribute to LEED certification of your project.


Fusion Quartzite image

Pure quartzite embodies a shade scale between white to grey for color but various abnormal shades can occur based on mineral content. Unlike limestone, this is the final product upon the metamorphosis of sandstone giving a result of a waxing “glassy” appearance. This ambiguous shape of angular cuts and denseness accompanied with a brooding color has established an inclination towards exquisite decorative purposes.


Onyx image

Onyx is a semi precious stone with a striking jewel like appearance. This stone comes in many beautiful colors. Because onyx is translucent it can be back lit for a dramatic effect.

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